During the Regency he made large amounts of money by speculating in the financial Système (1716–20) of John Law. Louis Henri, Prince of Condé. Louis had 2 siblings: Anne Geneviève De Bourbon and Armand De Bourbon Prince …  The bank closed later that year due to lack of reserves. Born on 9 August 1736 at Chantilly, Louis Joseph was the only son of Louis Henri I, Prince of Condé (1692–1740) and Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg (1714–41). The following is a contemporary description of him: He was moderately good looking as a young man, but being over-tall he afterwards began to stoop, and became 'as thin and dry as a chip of wood. Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, or Louis Henri I, Prince of Condé (18 August 1692 – 27 January 1740), was head of the Bourbon-Condé cadet branch of the France's reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726. Henri Jules, Prince of Condé : biography 29 July 1643 – 1 April 1709 Henri Jules de Bourbon (Paris, 29 July 1643 – Paris, 1 April 1709) was prince de Condé, from 1686 to his death. Jones, p. 47, says Villeroi, not Bourbon received control of the king's education. The manner in which His Royal Highness [the Duc de Bourbon] had managed his own revenues, and had added to them, despite his youth (that being a period when a man's thoughts are wont to be exclusively centred upon pleasure) was a strong presumption that he would prove a capable public administrator, and the fact that he was already rich led people to imagine that he would not trouble his head about adding to his fortune.  Guizot says that Louis "sought in his perceptor's [tutor's] eyes the guidance he needed". On 23 July 1728, he married Caroline of Hesse, a daughter of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg and they had one son. They had no children. Her name was Marie Leszczyńska; her father, Stanislaus, had occupied the Polish throne from 1704 with the backing of Charles XII of Sweden. Orléans had been able to see the king whenever he wanted. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …afterward the ninth Prince de Condé. She had already been thought of as a wife for the duc de Bourbon. He was the brother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and nephew of Victoire de Rohan. The 1st Prince of Condé, Louis de Bourbon, was born in Vendôme in 1530. १७४० Chantilly: चिरविश्रांतीस्थान: Basilica of …  Candidates included the Duke's sisters, especially Mademoiselle de Vermandois. Following the death one after the other of the heirs to the throne of France in the early 18th century (except for the duc d'Anjou, great-grandson of Louis XIV and future king as Louis XV) Bourbon was third in the order of succession to the throne, being preceded by the dauphin, Philippe, the 2nd duc d'Orléans who became regent, and the latter's son, Louis d'Orléans, duc de Chartres. The head of the senior-most cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, he was heir presumptive to the king of France for the first few years of his life.Henri was the father of Louis, le Grand Condé, the celebrated French general.. Life. Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Condé (Louis Henri Joseph; 18 August 1692 – 27 January 1740) was head of the Prince of Condé and a cousin of the then reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726.. Marie did not have a reputation for great beauty or intelligence, but she was not ugly, was healthy as well as kind, generous, and calm. Issue Name Portrait Lifespan … He was the brother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and nephew of Victoire de Rohan. As a cadet of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang. They rejected his ideas. If they inspire you please support our work. Yes. Colin The Firth Recommended for you Genealogy for Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien et de Bourbon (1756 - 1830) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Many of the surviving descriptions of the duke's personality are highly uncomplimentary. On 3 March 1720, following the example of the Prince de Conti who the day before had gone to Law's bank and withdrawn fourteen million livres in gold in several large carts, Bourbon went to the bank and took away twenty-five million. However, he was known by the lesser ducal title.  A new candidate was sought urgently because, should Louis die with no heir, and assuming Philippe V of Spain did not seize the throne, then it would pass to the new duc d'Orléans, son of the deceased regent; the House of Orléans and the House of Condé were rivals, so this would cast Monsieur le Duc into the political wastelands.. Despite succeeding as head of the House of Condé in 1709 as Prince of Condé, he never used that name, preferring the title Duke of Bourbon, and was known at court as Monsieur le Duc. In 1718, he replaced Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine as superintendent of the king's education. Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. Media in category "Louis Henri, Prince of Condé" The following 13 files are in this category, out of 13 total. Sometime around 1557 Conde converted to the Huguenot religion more likely for political than spiritual reasons. Within a few months he was found hanging from a window fastening in his bedroom at Saint-Leu, the magnificent estate that he had bought six years earlier. Louis Henri, Prince of Condé Label from public data source Wikidata; Sources. Birthday: August 9, 1737 Date of Death: May 13, 1818 Age at Death: 80. He took her to Paris and, to prevent scandal and to qualify her to be received at court, had her married in 1818 to…, During its long history, France has gone through numerous types of government. Chantilly porcelain was established by the Prince de Condé. Cardinal Dubois, who had been the Regent's premier ministre, remained in that capacity for the king. Make a donation Close. In addition, Louis Henri had an illegitimate daughter with Armande Félice de La Porte Mazarin (1691–1729), the wife of Louis de Mailly, marquis de Nesle (1689–1767), whom he officially recognized. The recipients were almost all supporters of Monsieur le Duc.. It is fairly certain he only had the use of one eye: He was disfigured by an accident which befell him while hunting, when the Duke of Berry put out one of his eyes,. During the Regency his several pensions, together with the income from his extensive estates, gave him an income of 1.8 million livres, the historian Bernier, writing in 1984, estimating the livre as equivalent to about $4.50. Posts about Henri of Condé written by liamfoley63. 20–21, but Guizot says the council meeting took place on the 24th. Louis VI Henri de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, Delaval, Chantilly.jpg 2,017 × 3,002; 3.72 MB. On 27 May, the name of the Queen-to-be was made public. Shennan, p. 43 confirms the date, 26th, but doesn't say who became superintendent of education. Prince Louis Conde is currently featured on the TV series REIGN as a rival to King Francois II - this is accurate. List Thumbnail. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the…. He lost it after five years because his sponsor was beaten by Peter the Great of Russia, at Poltava. , One of Bourbon's first moves as prime minister was to replace d'Argenson, the minister of police, with Nicolas Ravot d'Ombreval, who was a relative of the marquise de Prie. He deemed it his duty to confer the post, which was the most important in the kingdom, upon a prince of the royal house. Sort by . Meyrac's footnote in d'Angerville, p. 33. Louis Henri was born at Versailles, the eldest son of Louis III, Prince of Condé and Louise Françoise de Bourbon, the eldest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.. In 1610, Marie de Médici, wife of King Henry IV, gave the Hôtel de Condé in Paris to Henri as part of a recompense for his agreeing to marry Charlotte. Louis Henri was born at Versailles, the eldest son of Louis III, Prince of Condé and Louise Françoise de Bourbon, the eldest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.. They fall under the general categories greed, bad manners, stupidity. Cardinal de Fleury, who was present at the meeting, recommended acceptance, and Louis XV indicated his assent by a silent nod. However, Dubois died in August 1723. 2013-05-18: revised. Jones, on the other hand, says that Fréjus was not there; also that after the meeting, in order to protect his own influence with the king, which was great, Fréjus got the king to agree never to hold discussions with Bourbon unless he too was present. ', Satirical pamphlets directed against royalty were a common form of literature and the chronicles left by courtiers were influenced by rivalries or prejudice, so he may not have looked so bad. To assess why the king — or Fréjus — chose, or allowed, Bourbon to become premier ministre, says the French lawyer and writer d'Angerville, writing in 1781: In making the choice, which no doubt was not the best he might have made, because he lacked the necessary experience not only of men but of himself, he nevertheless acted in strict accordance with the rules of etiquette. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). १६९२ व्हर्साय: मृत्यू तारीख: जानेवारी २७, इ.स. He was prince for less than a year. Louis Henri de Bourbon Condé (Louis VI, Prince de Condé, Duc de Bourbon, Baron de Candé) (April 13 1756 ? He wis the brither-in-law o Philippe Égalité an nephew o Victoire de Rohan. Saint-Simon, the memoir writer known for his acid portraits of grandees, described the Duke of Bourbon as a man with "an almost stupid foolishness, an indomitable obstinacy, an insatiable self-interest". Alternate Formats. His younger sister Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, married Marie Anne's brother, Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. This was especially so because, if Louis XV died without an heir, it was feared that, armed with a hereditary right he had renounced when he became king of Spain, Philip V de Bourbon would ignore the Treaty of Utrecht and claim the French throne, thus plunging France and Spain into conflict with the other European powers. Life of Louis, Prince of Conde, Surnamed the Great: Stanhope, 5th Earl of Philip Henry Stanh: 9781290503051: Books - Amazon.ca Mairiage. He was Louis XV's prime minister from 1723 to 1726. After his spell in the government, Bourbon was exiled to his country estate, the Château de Chantilly, 40 kilometers northeast of Paris.  However that would have caused great difficulties for her father, as he was occupying the British throne mainly because he was Protestant, whereas his rival, James Stuart, was Catholic; he had to politely decline the offer of France to his daughter.  The actual instruction of the young king was not much disturbed however, since it was mostly done by his old and trusted tutor, André-Hercule de Fleury, Bishop of Fréjus, who remained in place. At her death, Marie Anne gave all her property to her sister Mademoiselle de La Roche-sur-Yon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Prominent among these was a daughter of George II of Great Britain. Marie Anne was the eldest daughter of Marie Thérèse de Bourbon and her husband, François Louis, Prince de Conti. The young duc d'Orléans stood in for the bridegroom during the marriage by procuration, which took place in the cathedral of Strasbourg, and was officiated by the Cardinal de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg and Grand Almoner of France. RDF/XML (MADS and SKOS) N-Triples (MADS and SKOS) JSON (MADS/RDF and SKOS/RDF) MADS - RDF/XML; MADS - N … Download this stock image: Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, Duke of Bourbon (1692-1740) prime minister of France 1723 to 1726. On his father’s death in 1818 he inherited but did not assume the Condé title. She was ambitious, and the prince had her well educated not only in modern languages but in Greek and Latin. He bought paper notes, waited for their value to rise, then, before the Système failed in 1720, took them to Law's bank (which had become the national bank) and traded them in for gold. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Henri-Joseph-9e-prince-de-Conde. Returning to France in 1814, he tried to organize resistance in Anjou during the Hundred Days, then escaped to Spain until the Second Restoration. , The choice finally made was the daughter of the deposed king of Poland. [From the wars in Louis XIV's reign.]  This was an unusual, and for Bourbon, eventually an intolerable situation. Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon or Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince o Condé (Louis Henri Joseph ; 13 Aprile 1756 - 30 August 1830) wis the Prince o Cond é frae 1818 tae his daith. "His property in Poland had been confiscated and his wife's jewels pawned."(Gooch). Coronavirus Update. Under the Fifth Republic, France’s current system, the head of state is the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage. , He made the first promotion to the rank of Marshal of France since 1715 — and made some new appointments to France's highest chivalric order, the Order of the Holy Spirit (Ordre du Saint-Esprit). He was commonly called Monsieur le Duc. Colin Firth on Mr Darcy, Language, Mark Darcy, Shakespeare and How Much of Him Is in a Character - Duration: 22:03. "The Duke of Bourbon asked Philip to make the husband of Mme de Prie a grandee, a title which would have descended to a child Bourbon had by her. Louis XIII, also known as Louis the Just; (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643) was King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown. Mme de Prie was opposed to this choice because it would give the duchesse de Bourbon, Vermandois and the duke's mother too much influence. Thereupon the former regent became the king's premier ministre, until his own death the following 2 December. Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (Louis Henri Joseph; 13 April 1756 - 30 August 1830) was the Prince of Condé from 1818 to his death. The château then underwent a sort of renaissance, being described as a "splendid residence.". They were also distantly related. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. No one, however, failed to appreciate how immensely inferior in talent the Duke was to the Regent. Caroline had once been on a list of possible wives for Louis XV of France. The 9th Prince of Condé was married in 1770 to Louise-Marie-Thérèse d’Orléans (1750–1822), who bore him a son, Louis-Antoine, duc d’Enghien, in 1772, but from whom he parted in 1780. He argued with both the regent and his most influential minister, Cardinal Dubois, in favour of severe measures against Protestants. Furthermore, Fréjus was opposed to Louis marrying anyone from the Bourbon-Condé branch of the royal family. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang and was entitled to the style of Serene Highness, prior to his accession to the Condé title, while he was known as the duke of Enghien and later as Duke of Bourbon. In 1609, Henri married Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, daughter of Henri I de Montmorency, Duke of Montmorency by his second wife, Louise de Budos. Louis III de Bourbon, (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710) was a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV.Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. If this request had been granted, the, Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse, Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti, Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg, Gabriel de Rochechouart, duc de Mortemart, André-Hercule de Fleury, Évêque de Fréjus, Prince Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Henri,_Duke_of_Bourbon&oldid=992907294, People of the Regency of Philippe d'Orléans, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 19:10. He wis Prime Meinister o Fraunce frae December 1723 – 1726. He was the youngest son of Charles IV de Bourbon descending from Louis IX (Saint Louis) and Françoise d’Alençon. Louis, Grand Condé was born on September 8 1621, in Paris, to Henri, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite De Montmorency. Louis-Henri-Joseph, 9 e prince de Condé, (born April 13, 1756, Paris—died Aug. 27, 1830, Saint-Leu, Fr. Henri and Charlotte were blessed with three children, all of them protagonists of the Fronde, namely: Her husband was pardoned by Louis XV in 1730; this was regarding his exile to the Château de Chantilly in 1725. Emigrating with his father and son in 1789 at the outbreak of the Revolution, he went in 1795 to England to prepare the abortive expedition of the Comte d’Artois (the future Charles X) to the Vendée. Louis Henri, Prince of Condé Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon or Louis Henri II, Prince of Condé (13 April 1756 – 30 August 1830) was the Prince of Condé from 1818 to his death. On 9 July 1713 at Versailles, he married Marie Anne de Bourbon who died in 1720. " He was described as pretending to like hunting to ingratiate himself with the king.. Henri I De Bourbon Prince Of Conde was born on month day 1552, at birth place, to Louis of Bourbon Count of Marle and Eléanor De Roucy De Marle (born Roye). Some felt that this was too long for France to wait for an heir. On succeeding his father he was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. The Regency ended when Louis XV reached the age of majority, thirteen, in February 1723. Louis IV Henri de Bourbon-Condé: जन्म तारीख : ऑगस्ट १८, इ.स. Condé, Louis Henri de Bourbon, prince de, 1692-1740; Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon Label from public data source Wikidata; Sources. As they were all young men, he appointed the eldest, who, however, was but thirty one years old. 1797 painting of Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon, last Prince of Condé (1756-1830).jpg 181 × 240; 14 KB. When Bourbon came to be prime minister, however, the bishop found in him a more receptive audience, and he was given the go-ahead to draw up a general law against heresy. Omissions? Tell us More. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang. Genealogy profile for Louis VI Henri de Bourbon, prince de Condé. His mistress wis Madame de Prie an he wis a grandson o Madame de Montespan an Louis XIV. Updates? Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke o Bourbon, Prince o Condé wis the Prince o Condé an a cousin o the then reigning Hoose o Bourbon frae 1710 to his daith, an served as prime minister or Louis XV frae 1723 to 1726.  For example, Barbier said he "had a very limited mind, knows nothing, and only likes pleasure and hunting. Another prominent contender was the grand duchess, later empress, Elizabeth of Russia.  Bourbon redecorated the building as well as the grounds and entertained there when he could avoid hosting the Parisian set which had banished him. Louis Henri was born at Versailles, the eldest son of Louis III, Prince of Condé and Louise Françoise de Bourbon, the eldest legitimised daughter of Louis XIV and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan. 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